The Operations Unit is responsible for the processes of targeting which is the process of selecting qualified beneficiaries for the programme,  enrolment which is the process of getting qualified beneficiaries onto the LEAP payroll. The Unit is also responsible for leading other sub-projects that come up, example ensuring that qualified beneficiary household members are registered on the NHIS scheme, this is an automatic complimentary service for all LEAP beneficiaries.

The Operations Unit also leads Emergency LEAP activities of the Ministry. Emergency LEAP is temporal cash grants provided to affected citizens when natural disasters such flood, storms, fire occur.